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Towards sub-100 fs multi-GW pulses directly emitted from a Thulium-doped fiber CPA system

 
: Gaida, C.; Gebhardt, M.; Stutzki, F.; Jauregui, C.; Limpert, J.; Tünnermann, A.

:

Robin, C.A. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Fiber Lasers XIV. Technology and Systems : 30 January - 2 February 2017, San Francisco, California, United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2017 (Proceedings of SPIE 10083)
ISBN: 978-1-5106-0607-4
ISBN: 978-1-5106-0608-1
Paper 100830C
Conference "Fiber Lasers - Technology and Systems" <14, 2017, San Francisco/Calif.>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Abstract
Experimental demonstrations of Tm-doped fiber amplifiers (typically in CW- or narrow-band pulsed operation) span a wavelength range going from about 1700 nm to well beyond 2000 nm. Thus, it should be possible to obtain a bandwidth of more than 100 nm, which would enable sub-100 fs pulse duration in an efficient, linear amplification scheme. In fact, this would allow the emission of pulses with less than 20 optical cycles directly from a Tm-doped fiber system, something that seems to be extremely challenging for other dopants in a fused silica fiber. In this contribution, we summarize the current development of our Thulium-doped fiber CPA system, demonstrate preliminary experiments for further scaling and discuss important design factors for the next steps. The current single-channel laser system presented herein delivers a pulse-peak power of 2 GW and a nearly transform-limited pulse duration of 200 fs in combination with 28.7 W of average power. Special care has been taken to reduce the detrimental impact of water vapor absorption by placing the whole system in a dry atmosphere housing ( < 0.1% rel. humidity) and by using a sufficiently long wavelength (1920-1980 nm). The utilization of a low-pressure chamber in the future will allow for the extension of the amplification bandwidth. Preliminary experiments demonstrating a broader amplification bandwidth that supports almost 100 fs pulse duration and average power scaling to < 100W have already been performed. Based on these results, a Tm-doped fiber CPA with sub-100 fs pulse duration, multi-GW pulse peak power and > 100 W average power can be expected in the near future.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-462059.html