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Light scattering in poly(vinyl alcohol) hydrogels reinforced with nanocellulose for ophthalmic use

: Tummala, G.K.; Felde, N.; Gustafsson, S.; Bubholz, A.; Schröder, S.; Mihranyan, A.

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Optical Materials Express 7 (2017), No.8, pp.2824-2837
ISSN: 2159-3930
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Scattering of ophthalmic devices is a complex phenomenon involving both surface and bulk light-material interactions. In this work, light scattering of nanocellulose reinforced PVA hydrogels contact lenses for ophthalmic applications was investigated. Optical microscopy, fluorescence microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques were used for ultrastructure characterization. Further, 3D angle resolved light scattering measurements in the visible spectral range were performed using a BTDF (bidirectional transmittance distribution function) sensor to quantify the scattered light. Surface and bulk scattering properties were discerned using white light interferometry. Total scatter levels ranging from 3% to 40% were observed depending on the hydrogel composition. The most critical factor affecting the light scattering properties in nanocellulose-reinforced PVA hydrogels was related to the state of hydration of the hydrogels, which is critical to maintain visual acuity of ophthalmic devices.