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Accelerators and Industry

: Chimielewski, Andrzei; Chiari, Massimo; Rögner, Frank-Holm

Applications of Particle Accelerators in Europe. Online resource : EuCard2
S.l.: APAE, 2017
European Commission EC
FP7; 312453; EUCARD
Book Article
Fraunhofer FEP ()
E-Beam; low energy; heating; X-ray; sterilisation

Two types of particle beams have been employed across a range of industrialapplications for many years:› electron beams (e-beams);› ion beams.E-beams can be separated into two energy regions: very low energy (less than330 keV) and low energy (330 keV to 10 MeV). Very low-energy e-beams are usedlargely in surface treatments and processing, while low-energy e-beams, beingmore penetrating, can e¥ect changes in the bulk material. Ion beams in the keVandMeV-energy ranges (up to 70 MeV) have also been routinely used for decadesto study and modify the surface composition of materials, particularly in relation toelectronic materials and advanced nano-structures, composites and thin films, aswell as the environment and cultural artefacts.