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Laser beam welding of atmosphere aluminum die cast material using high frequency beam oscillation and brilliant beam sources

: Dittrich, Dirk; Jahn, Axel; Standfuß, Jens; Beyer, Eckhard


Journal of laser applications : JLA 29 (2017), No.2, Art. 022425, 7 pp.
ISSN: 1042-346X
ISSN: 1938-1387
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWS ()
aluminum; cooling system; die

In the serial production of components for automotive applications such as cooling and air-conditioning systems, aluminum die-cast materials are frequently used due to their excellent castability. The aim of providing light weight components can be approached with thin walled cross sections even for complex structural parts. However, cast components are usually connected to semifinished products such as profiles or tubes. The connections have to be mostly pressure tight. The joining technique for these applications has to be highly productive to obtain high component outcome and cost-efficient. Laser beam welding techniques are especially suitable for these tasks. Die-cast components have limited or no weldability due to their manufacturing process. This is due to entrapped gases within pores or cavities under high pressure conditions. Furthermore, the mold release agents for the die-cast process are inappropriate for obtaining homogeneous and sound weld seams. Consequently, this results in a larger number of pores in the weld seam and stochastic melt pool blow-outs, which prohibit mostly the use of the component. To solve these issues, a new welding technique, remoweld®T, has been developed at Fraunhofer IWS. This unique method has been extensively tested and used for serial-production. The decisive step was to use laser sources with brilliant beam quality in combination with a high frequency beam oscillation within the melt pool. In this paper, the technological approach will be presented. With the remoweld®T method, it was possible to obtain homogeneous weld seams with low porosity and a strongly reduced distortion for the first time. Minor component tolerances and a reproducible joining technique with a high output for serial production can be achieved.