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Flexible thin film pH sensor based on low-temperature atomic layer deposition

: Jakob, Markus H.; Gutsch, Sebastian; Chatelle, Claire; Krishnaraja, Abinaya; Fahlteich, John; Weber, Wilfried; Zacharias, Margit


Physica status solidi. Rapid research letters 11 (2017), No.7, Art. 1700123, 6 pp.
ISSN: 1862-6254
ISSN: 1862-6270
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FEP ()
flexible electronics; field-effect transistor; thin film; ZnO

Flexible and transparent zinc oxide (ZnO) thin film field-effect transistors (TF-FET) for the use as small volume potentiometric pH sensors are developed. Low temperature atomic layer deposition (ALD) is used for the fabrication of the metal oxides ZnO and aluminum dioxide (Al2O3). Changing the deposition temperature of the ZnO from 150 to 100 °C allowed a significant increase in resistivity by four orders of magnitude. Hence, adjusting the controlled low carrier concentration for the field-effect based sensor is demonstrated. ZnO TF-FET pH sensors fabricated on silicon/silicon dioxide (Si/SiO2) substrates are compared with sensors based on flexible and transparent polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) foil substrates. Comparison of both types of pH sensors showed successful pH sensitivity for pH ranging from 5 to 10 in both cases.