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Novel polymers to study the influence of the azobenzene content on the photo-induced surface relief grating formation

: Börger, V.; Kuliskovska, O.; Hubmann, K.G.; Stumpe, J.; Huber, M.; Menzel, H.


Macromolecular chemistry and physics 206 (2005), No.15, pp.1488-1496
ISSN: 1022-1352
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()

The influence of the azobenzene concentration on the photo-induced surface relief grating (SRG) formation in polymer films was investigated. Two series of polymers with 4-alkoxy-4'-cyanoazobenzene side groups were synthesized. In series A, the degree of substitution was varied, while in series B, azobenzene and biphenyl groups were introduced in varying composition, but the concentration of non-reacted HEMA-groups was kept constant. Photo-induction of the dichroism and the SRG was studied as function of the azobenzene concentration. An optimum was found for the SRG formation (76%), while the highest dichroism was induced at the lowest azobenzene concentration of 20%. The restriction of rotational and translational molecular motions observed at higher azobenzene concentration was explained by pi-pi stacking of the azobenzene moieties and interaction of unreacted HEMA groups.