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Improving the sustainability of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME - Biodiesel) - assessment of options for industry and agriculture

: Jungmeier, Gerfried; Pucker, Johanna; Ernst, M.; Haselbacher, P.; Lesschen, Jan Peter; Kraft, Axel; Schulzke, Tim; Loo, Eibertus Nicolaas van

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4528485 (1.1 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 959ab307b570269cee16d7e40a2a9ffc
Created on: 2.8.2017

Poster urn:nbn:de:0011-n-452848-13 (220 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 118ab7159d203d62ef57723fd1468706
Created on: 2.8.2017

24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2016 : Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 6-9 June 2016
Florence: ETA, 2016
ISBN: 978-88-89407-165
European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (EUBCE) <24, 2016, Amsterdam>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Oberhausen ()
fertilizer for feedstock cultivation; 8) “FAME as fuel”: Use of FAME in machinery for cultivation, transportation and distribution; 9) “Retrofitting multi feedstock”: Retrofitting of single feedstock plants for blending fatty residues; and 10) “Green electricity”: Use of renewable electricity produced in a PV plant on site. The assessment approach started with the GHG standard values of the RED and the corresponding background data documented in BioGrace. For the most relevant FAME production possibilities in Europe, characterized by the feedstock (rapeseed, sunflower, palm oil, soybean, used cooking oil, animal fat) and FAME production capacity (50 - 200 kt/a), the technical and economic data of “Best Available Technology in 2015” (BAT) were used as starting point to assess the improvement options. Based on the calculation of GHG emissions (g CO2-eq/MJ) and production cost (€/tFAME) an overall assessment (incl SWOT-Analyses and Stakeholder involvement) of the options was made and summarized in “Fact Sheets”. A significant GHG reduction compared to the RED values in processing is possible, if best available technology (BAT) is applied. The GHG emissions of cultivation compared to RED are higher due to improved data on the correlation between fertilizer input and yields. The assessed GHG improvements options show that the potential to reduce emissions is relatively large in agriculture cultivation, but a relatively low in processing. The production cost analysis shows that revenues from co-produced animal feed and oil yield per hectare have a strong influence on total production costs, e.g. mainly animal feed from soybeans. The total FAME production cost of BAT are 280 – 1,000 €/tFAME, including revenues from co-products. Cost ranges arise due to different feedstock and capacities. The greenhouse gas analysis of the improvement options results in a GHG reduction potential of 0 - 37 g CO2-eq/MJ compared to BAT. The greenhouse gas mitigation costs of improvement options range between -260 and +1,000 €/t CO2-eq. Options with negative greenhouse gas mitigation costs generate economic benefits compared to the base case. Summing up the assessment one can conclude that the future FAME production has several options to further improve its GHG balance thus contributing substantially to a more sustainable transportation sector. biodiesel; greenhouse gases; sustainability; SWOT analyses; vegatable oils