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A dendritic amphiphile for efficient control of biomimetic calcium phosphate mineralization

: Hentrich, Doreen; Tabaache, Soraya; Brezesinski, Gerald; Lange, Nele; Unger, Wolfgang; Kübel, Christian; Bertin, Annabelle; Taubert, Andreas


Macromolecular bioscience 17 (2017), No.8, Art. 1600524, 14 pp.
ISSN: 1616-5187
ISSN: 1616-5195
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ICT-IMM ( IMM) ()
air-liquid interface; amphiphile monolayer; Biomineralization; calcium phosphate; cholesteryl derivate; Newkome Dendron

The phase behavior of a dendritic amphiphile containing a Newkome-type dendron as the hydrophilic moiety and a cholesterol unit as the hydrophobic segment is investigated at the air–liquid interface. The amphiphile forms stable monomolecular films at the air–liquid interface on different subphases. Furthermore, the mineralization of calcium phosphate beneath the monolayer at different calcium and phosphate concentrations versus mineralization time shows that at low calcium and phosphate concentrations needles form, whereas flakes and spheres dominate at higher concentrations. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and electron diffraction confirm the formation of calcium phosphate. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction confirm the predominant formation of octacalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite. The data also indicate that the final products form via a complex multistep reaction, including an association step, where nano-needles aggregate into larger flake-like objects.