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Design and evaluation of a Fischer-Tropsch process for the production of waxes from biogas

: Herz, Gregor; Reichelt, Erik; Jahn, Matthias


Energy 132 (2017), pp.370-381
ISSN: 0360-5442
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
biogas; Fischer-Tropsch; Waxes; process modeling; gas to liquids; techno-economic analysis

A process for the production of Fischer-Tropsch waxes from biogas is proposed. It is shown that the specific composition of biogas allows the production of syngas suitable for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in one process step. The absence of an additional reverse water-gas shift reaction step simplifies the process concept, which is advantageous for the targeted application. For two reforming concepts, steam reforming and autothermal reforming, the process efficiency is calculated with help of a process model. The results show, that especially the concept based on steam reforming offers a high energetic efficiency of ηen > 0.5. An economic feasibility study reveals advantages in comparison to state-of-the-art biogas CHP. For existing biogas plants the developed process concept offers a promising alternative for profitable operation. The process modeling results also show that the technical realization depends on the availability of advantageous inexpensive novel reactor concepts that are specifically developed for small-scale decentralized applications.