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CRM InnoNet substitution of critical raw materials

Critical Raw Materials Substitution Profiles September 2013 Revised May 2015
: Tercero Espinoza, Luis A.; Hummen, Torsten; Brunot, Aymeric; Pena Garay, Iratxe; Velte, Daniela; Smuk, Lena; Todorovic, Jelena; Eijk, Casper van der; Joce, Catherine

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4455718 (4.0 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 1b523ea69179f89df8d211faef001d29
Created on: 17.5.2018

Brussels: European Commission, 2015, 96 pp.
European Commission EC
FP7; 319024; CRM InnoNet
Critical Raw Materials Innovation Network
Report, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()

In order to understand the opportunities and challenges presented by critical raw materials, and the areas where substitution could offer a solution, it was important to look at each individually. This report, the Critical Raw Materials Substitution Profiles, is a compilation of detailed profiles on each of the 14 materials identified as critical by the European Commission in 2010. Each raw material profile provides a detailed analysis of the end uses of the material and goes on to examine where there are already substitution options or where alternatives might be easily developed. Development of the Critical Raw Materials Substitution Report was led by the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, in collaboration with CRM InnoNet project partners.