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Investigations of strength properties of ultra-thin silicon

: Schönfelder, S.; Bagdahn, J.; Ebert, M.; Petzold, M.; Bock, K.; Landesberger, C.


Ernst, L.J. ; IEEE Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology Society:
Thermal, mechanical and multi-physics simulation and experiments in micro-electronics and micro-systems, EuroSimE 2005 : Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics Simulation and Experiments in Micro-Electronics and Micro-Systems, April 18, 19, 20, 2005, Radisson Hotel, Berlin, Germany
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Order Department, 2005
ISBN: 0-7803-9062-8
ISBN: 0-7803-9063-6
International Conference on Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics Simulation and Experiments in Micro-Electronics and Micro-Systems (EuroSimE) <6, 2005, Berlin>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWM ()
Fraunhofer IZM ()
thin silicon; fracture strength; geometric nonlinearity; dicing

Thin silicon offers a variaty of new possibilities in microelectronical and micromechanical industries, e.g. for 3D-integration (stacked dice) or optoelectronic components (LED). The thin wafers are fabricated by back thinning technologies like grinding, polishing or etching and diced into single chips. The separation technologies can be coupled with back thinning technologies (Dicing-by-Thinning) to increase the reliability and strength of dies. In order to characterize and optimize relevant process steps in therms of quality and fabrication yield, also the mechanical properties have to be investigated with respect to defect formation and strength. In this paper three different dicing technologies were characterized by 3-point bending tests. The first technology is a common sawing process. the second and third technology are "Dicing-by-Thinning" processes, one with sawn grooves and the other with dry-etched trenches. In addition to the experimental investigation, analytical and numerical calculations were performed in order to unterstand the nonlinear relationship of force and displacement and to calculate fracture stresses from fracture forces. The results were statistical evaluated by the Weibull theory. Using this approach allows a more comprehensive unter standing of the influence of the process on strength properties independently of geometric factors, in particular, it forms a base to predict the strength determined from tests for real devices and to quantify the potential of strength increase by using improved technologies, such as Dicing-by-Thinning. It was shown in thies paper, that the nonlinear relationship of force and displacement can be described and explained. Thus the fracture stress as parameter of strength could be calculated for all tested samples. Samples, being separated by "Dicing-by-Thi nning", have much higher strength than simply sawed samles. If trenches are made by dry-etched process the strength can be increased tremendously.