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R&D collaborations and the role of proximity

: Marek, P.; Titze, M.; Fuhrmeister, C.; Blum, U.


Regional studies. Journal of the Regional Studies Association 51 (2017), No.12, pp.1761-1773
ISSN: 0034-3404
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

R&D collaborations and the role of proximity. Regional Studies. This paper explores the impact of proximity measures on knowledge exchange measured by granted research and development (R&D) collaboration projects in German NUTS-3 regions. The results are obtained from a spatial interaction model including eigenvector spatial filters. Not only geographical but also other forms of proximity (technological, organizational and institutional) have a significant influence on the emergence of collaborations. Furthermore, the results suggest interdependences between proximity measures. Nevertheless, the analysis does not show that other forms of proximity may compensate for missing geographical proximity. The results indicate that (subsidized) collaborative innovation activities tend to cluster.