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Traenkverfahren und Vorrichtung zur Ueberwachung der Durchtraenkung eines Traegermaterials

Carrier material impregnation
 
: Schattauer, D.; Pfreundt, F.; Zemitis, A.; Velten, K.

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DE 1997-19745404 A: 19971014
DE 1997-19745404 A: 19971014
EP 1998-958184 AW: 19981001
WO 1998-DE2925 A: 19981001
DE 19745404 A1: 19990415
EP 1023588 A1: 20000802
D06M0015
G01N0027
German
Patent, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

Abstract
Die Erfindung betrifft ein Traenkverfahren, bei dem ein Traegermaterial (1) von einem Traenkmedium (2) durchtraenkt wird. Die Durchtraenkung des Traegermaterials (1) wird ueber die Dielektrizitaetskonstante (<<r<) des Traegermaterials, vorzugsweise durch die Bestimmung einer Kapazitaet (C), bestimmt. Die Erfindung betrifft auch eine Vorrichtung zur Ueberwachung der Durchtraenkung des Traegermaterials (1) mit dem Traenkmedium (2).

 

DE 19745404 A UPAB: 19990603 NOVELTY - For the impregnation of a carrier material, by immersion, the dielectric constant of the material changes during impregnation. A value (C) is measured, related to the dielectric constant, which gives the impregnating penetration (D) of the carrier material. DETAILED DESCRIPTION - In an INDEPENDENT CLAIM the monitoring system has a conductor (3) so that the carrier material acts as a dielectric to affect the electrical capacity of the conductor (3), which is measured. The conductor can be an electrically conductive strip, around the carrier material, with the electrical lead of the conductor rod. To measure the value (C), the electrical capacity is used of an electrical conductor, with the carrier material acting as a dielectric. The timed run (C(t)) of the measurement gives the timed run (D(t)) of the impregnation. A functional relationship (DR(C)) between a reference impregnation (DR) and the measured value gives the functional relationship of the impregnation. The timed run (D(t)) of the impregnation (D) is expressed as D(t)=DR(C(t)), where D is the impregnation, DR the reference impregnation, C the measured value and especially capacity, and t is the time. The amount of impregnation is defined as the ratio of impregnated and non-impregnated vols. of the carrier material. To determine the stages of impregnation, according to given parameters, each stage has a reference impregnation provided by a simulation model with a spaced distribution in the carrier material with at least one zone which is not impregnated and one zone which is impregnated. At least one dry zone (4) has an initial dielectric constant and at least one damp zone (5) has another dielectric constant. Each reference impregnation (DR), together with the dielectric constants, is associated with a measured value (C) to give the required functional relationship (CD(C)). Using a porous carrier material, the spaced distribution of the reference impregnation (DR) uses the Darcy law for a current of a Newton impregnation medium or by using a suitable modification of the Darcy law for a non-Newton impregnation medium. From the impregnation (D), the penetration depth is derived of the impregnation medium in the carrier material, in a timed run of the penetration and at least one factor of the filtration coefficient, flow resistance, permeability and relative porosity, which also gives the viscosity of the impregnating medium. The material can be the fibers, to be impregnated and form the compound material, or the carrier material is an electrical insulation. USE - The system is for the impregnation of a carrier for use in resin transfer molding, using a compound material of fibers impregnated with a resin. It can be used for applications such as for the insulation of a conductor rod at the stator of a generator and especially a turbo generator, or the impregnation of the coil of the stator of a generator, and especially a turbo generator, in a total immersion impregnation, and the impregnation indicates if there is an impregnation fault. ADVANTAGE - The system gives an effective impregnation of the carrier material, with positive indications of a fault in the process.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-44455.html