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Vegetative roof performance during summer - critical analysis of the irrigation effect

: Freitas, Sara; Künzel, Hartwig; Ramos, Nuno; Zirkelbach, Daniel; Freitas, V. Peixoto de

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers -ASHRAE-, Atlanta/Ga.:
Buildings XIII Conference. Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings XIII International Conference 2016 : December 4-8, 2016, Clearwater Beach, Florida
Atlanta, GA: ASHRAE, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-939200-50-1
ISBN: 978-1-5108-6001-8 (Ausgabe Curran)
International Conference "Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings" <13, 2016, Clearwater Beach/Fla.>
Buildings Conference <13, 2016, Clearwater Beach/Fla.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Vegetative roofs are nowadays a widespread technology due to many benefits provided both at building and city scale. Namely, they reduce buildings’ energy consumption and improve cities’ urban environment by heat island mitigation. They may also increase rooftop comfort conditions for the users during summer days. Therefore, the assessment of the hygrothermal vegetative roof behavior is very important for a correct quantification of its impacts. Irrigated vegetative roofs are necessary for certain climates and plant species during summer; however, data concerning the ideal water requirements are still scarce. This study assesses the vegetative roof performance for a temperate climate concerning the effect on the outdoor environment, based on surface temperatures and heat fluxes, with and without the contribution of irrigation. The experimental vegetative roof setup located in Porto provides data for the hygrothermal analysis. The monitored parameters- temperature profiles, heat fluxes and water content profiles, together with outdoor conditions-allow a detailed analysis of the real behavior in summer with varying irrigation. The air temperature, solar radiation, and irrigation amounts, together with irrigation schedules and antecedent irrigation periods, were found to be determinant on the heat fluxes variation and on surface temperature reduction. The available hygrothermal simulation tools for vegetative roof, key for studying the roof response, were briefly assessed. The major limitations are related to the water balance and the properties of the vegetation and substrate.