Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Can the diagnostics of triangular fibrocartilage complex lesions be improved by MRI-based soft-tissue reconstruction? An imaging-based workup and case presentation

Kann die Diagnostik des triangulären fibrokartilaginären Komplex durch Weichteilrekonstruktion verbessert werden? Eine bildbasierte Aufarbeitung einer Fallstudie
: Hammer, Niels; Hirschfeld, Ulrich; Strunz, Hendrik; Werner, Michael; Wolfskämpf, Thomas; Löffler, Sabine

Fulltext (PDF; )

BioMed research international (2017), Art. 5870875, 7 pp.
ISSN: 2314-6133
ISSN: 2314-6141
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWU ()
triangular fibrocartilage complex; soft tissue reconstruction

The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) provides both mobility and stability of the radiocarpal joint. TFCC lesions are difficult to diagnose due to the complex anatomy. The standard treatment for TFCC lesions is arthroscopy, posing surgery-related risks onto the patients. This feasibility study aimed at developing a workup for soft-tissue reconstruction using clinical imaging, to verify these results in retrospective patient data. Methods. Microcomputed tomography (μ-CT), 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and plastination were used to visualize the TFCC in cadaveric specimens applying segmentation-based 3D reconstruction. This approach further trialed the MRI dataset of a patient with minor radiological TFCC alterations but persistent pain. Results. TFCC reconstruction was impossible using μ-CT only but feasible using MRI, resulting in an appreciation of its substructures, as seen in the plastinates. Applying this approach allowed for visualizing a Palmer 2C lesion in a patient, confirming ex postum the arthroscopy findings, being markedly different from MRI (Palmer 1B). Discussion. This preliminary study showed that image-based TFCC reconstruction may help to identify pathologies invisible in standard MRI. The combined approach of μ-CT, MRI, and plastination allowed for a three-dimensional appreciation of the TFCC. Image quality and time expenditure limit the approach’s usefulness as a diagnostic tool.