Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Evaluation of damp-heat testing of photovoltaic modules

: Koehl, M.; Hoffmann, S.; Wiesmeier, S.


Progress in Photovoltaics 25 (2017), No.2, pp.175-183
ISSN: 1062-7995
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
photovoltaisches Modul; System und Zuverlässigkeit; photovoltaisches Modul; Kraftwerk; Gebrauchsdauer von Modulen und Materialien; Heat Test; PV-modules; life testing

Temperature, temperature cycling, moisture, ultraviolet radiation, and negative bias voltage are considered as main degradation factors for photovoltaic modules by causing hydrolysis and photo-degradation of polymeric components, corrosion of glass, and of metallic components like grids and interconnectors. Commercially produced photovoltaic modules with crystalline silicon cells were exposed to accelerated damp-heat testing in the lab. Test temperatures were 75, 85, and 90 °C. The tests were continued until a final degradation state was reached (3500â7000 h). The degradation function could be modeled by a Boltzmann function allowing the determination of the time to failure (20% power loss). The time to failure as function of the test temperature follows Arrhenius relations allowing the evaluation of the activation energy of the dominating degradation process. These time-transformation functions could be used for service life estimation. Electroluminescence pictures illustrate the degradation behavior and the differences of the modules, indicating no changes in the degradation mechanisms for the different temperatures. A procedure for the evaluation of outdoor operation conditions towards accelerated service life testing with respect to moisture impact is proposed.