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Modified starch dispersions as water-based binder system for paints and varnishes

: Gabriel, Christina; Wanner, Matthias; Wetzel, Hendrik; Radosta, Sylvia; Vorwerg, Waltraud

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4324585 (405 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 934012004436bd43e714d4989d444699
Created on: 7.2.2017

Farby i Lakiery (2016), No.5, pp.3-10
ISSN: 1230-3321
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IAP ()
Fraunhofer IPA ()
modified starch; starch ester; coating; corrosion stability; Lack; Bindemittel; Dispersionsschicht

Our work aimed at the optimization of the structure of starch for the preparation of concentrated water-based dispersions (≥ 30%) with film forming properties for the application in paints and varnishes. A degraded potato starch (Emox TSD) with a molar mass of 1.18•105 g/mol (SEC-MALLS) was used as starting material for esterification reactions with different chain lengths (C2-C6) and varied degrees of substitution (DS)(0.05-1.1) for an increase in their hydrophobicity. The modification led to cold water dispersible products with solid contents up to 45% and viscosities in the range of 102 103 mPa•s (100 s-1). Film casting resulted in mostly continuous films. Furthermore, the synthesized starch esters showed a significant enhancement in their adhesion properties (ISO class 0 & 1) on glass and aluminum plates compared to the non-substituted starch (class 4). In corrosion stability tests the starch butyrate with a DS of 0.6 and the starch hexanoate with a DS of 0.4 (used amount of reagent) had sound barrier properties after crosslinking them with an isocyanate (Bayhydur XP 2655).