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Combined laser additive manufacturing for complex turbine blades

: Graf, Benjamin; Gook, Sergej; Gumenyuk, Andrey; Rethmeier, Michael

Global Nuclear Safety 3 (2016), No.20, pp.34-42
ISSN: 2305-414X (Print)
ISSN: 2499-9733 (Online)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPK ()

Laser beam processes are increasingly used in the field of additive manufacturing.
Prominent methods are either powderbed-based like Laser Metal Fusion (LMF), or utilizing a powder nozzle like Laser Metal Deposition (LMD). While LMF allows the manufacturing of complex structures, build rate, part volumes and material flexibility are limited. In contrast, LMD is able to operate with high deposition rates on existing parts, and materials can be changed easily during the process. However LMD shape complexity is limited. Utilizing their respective strengths, a combination of these two additive technologies has the potential to produce complex parts with high deposition rates and increased material flexibility. In this paper, combined manufacturing with additive technologies LMF and LMD is described. Its benefit for industry with emphasis on turbomachinery is shown. As reality test for the innovation, an industrial turbine blade is manufactured.