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1-Ethynyl ethers as efficient thermal crosslinking system for hole transport materials in OLEDs

: Limberg, F.R.P.; Schneider, T.; Höfle, S.; Reisbeck, F.; Janietz, S.; Colsmann, A.; Krüger, H.


Advanced Functional Materials 26 (2016), No.46, pp.8505-8513
ISSN: 1616-301X
ISSN: 1616-3028
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()

A new crosslinking concept based on a thermally activated one-component building block with thermally initiated crosslinkable ynol ether is introduced. For polystyrene matrices with glass transition temperatures below the reaction temperature, full conversion is reached within 30 min at 160 °C without employing any catalysts or co-reactants. The ynol ethers are chemically inert toward a variety of reaction conditions (e.g., radicals and strong bases) and consequently applicable to a wide range of materials for organic electronics. The crosslinkable solid compounds are bench-stable over more than a year. The broad applicability is demonstrated with a liquid model compound and a specifically designed crosslinking monomer introduced successfully as building block into polystyrenes with pending hole transporting groups. A detailed study of crosslinking kinetics by infrared measurements as well as an alternative method of crosslinker content determination utilizing differential scanning calorimetry is presented. The crosslinkable polymer and the corresponding noncrosslinkable molecule tris(4-(3,6-dibutoxy-9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)amine (BuO6TCTA) are synthesized and investigated as hole transport layers (HTLs) in phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). OLEDs with crosslinked and noncrosslinked HTLs show efficiencies around 80 cd A−1, indicating negligible influence of the crosslinking process on the device performance while yielding better HTL durability against solvent rinsing.