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Modulational instability in systems with integrating nonlinearity

: Streppel, U.; Michaelis, D.; Kowarschick, R.; Bräuer, A.


Physical review letters 95 (2005), No.7, Art. 073901
ISSN: 0031-9007
ISSN: 1079-7114
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()
modulational instability; systems with integrating nonlinearity; system parameter; plane wave

A new type of modulational instability for coherent as well as partially coherent light in systems with integrating nonlinearity caused by an irreversible process is investigated both experimentally and theoretically. In such systems plane waves never reach the stationary limit and exhibit a nontrivial time dependence resulting in new features of the modulational instability. For example, the modulational frequency of the nonexponentially increasing perturbation with maximum gain decreases while the wave is propagating. The threshold for vanishing modulational instability due to a finite degree of spatial coherence depends only on system parameters and not on the light intensity.