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Evaluation to primary energy factor calculation options for electricity. Final report

Review of the default primary energy factor (PEF) reflecting the estimated average EU generation efficiency referred to in Annex IV of Directive 2012/27/EU and possible extension of the approach to other energy carriers; Specific Contract ENER/C3/2013-484/02/FV2014-558 under the Multiple Framework Service Contract ENER/C3/2013-484. Date 13.05.2016
: Eßer, Anke; Sensfuß, Frank; Amann, Christof; Hernandez Inarra, Patxi

Fulltext (PDF; )

Brussels: European Commission, 2016, 108 pp., XI pp. Anhang
Study, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()

This study has been a relevant input to the review of the primary energy factor (PEF) for electricity, in the context of the Energy Efficiency Directive 27/2012/EU. The authors focus on four calculation methods following exchange with the European Commission's services, Member States representatives and European associations.