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Simulation and optimization of an airfoil with leading edge slat

 
: Schramm, M.; Stoevesandt, B.; Peinke, J.

:

TU München; European Academy of Wind Energy -EAWE-:
6th International Conference "The Science of Making Torque from Wind", TORQUE 2016 : 5-7 October 2016, Munich, Germany; Proceedings
Bristol: IOP Publishing, 2016 (Journal of physics. Conference series 753)
Art. 022052, 9 pp.
International Conference "The Science of Making Torque from Wind" (TORQUE) <6, 2016, Munich>
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie BMWi
0325601A/B/C/D; SmartBlades
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWES ()

Abstract
A gradient-based optimization is used in order to improve the shape of a leading edge slat upstream of a DU 91-W2-250 airfoil. The simulations are performed by solving the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations (RANS) using the open source CFD code OpenFOAM. Gradients are computed via the adjoint approach, which is suitable to deal with many design parameters, but keeping the computational costs low. The implementation is verified by comparing the gradients from the adjoint method with gradients obtained by finite differences for a NACA 0012 airfoil. The simulations of the leading edge slat are validated against measurements from the acoustic wind tunnel of Oldenburg University at a Reynolds number of Re = 6 • 105. The shape of the slat is optimized using the adjoint approach resulting in a drag reduction of 2%. Although the optimization is done for Re = 6 • 105, the improvements also hold for a higher Reynolds number of Re = 7.9 • 106, which is more realistic at modern wind turbines.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-425987.html