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In vitro expression of the extracellular matrix components aggrecan, collagen types I and II by articular cartilage-derived chondrocytes

: Schneevoigt, Juliane; Fabian, Claire; Leovsky, Christiane; Seeger, Johannes; Bahramsoltani, Mahtab


Anatomia, histologia, embryologia 46 (2017), No.1, pp.43-50
ISSN: 0340-2096 (print)
ISSN: 1439-0264 (online)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()

The extracellular matrix (ECM) of hyaline cartilage is perfectly suited to transmit articular pressure load to the subchondral bone. Pressure is transferred by a high amount of aggrecan-based proteoglycans and collagen type II fibres in particular. After any injury, the hyaline cartilage is replaced by fibrocartilage, which is low in proteoglycans and contains collagen type I predominantly. Until now, long-term results of therapeutic procedures including cell-based therapies like autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT) lead to a replacement tissue meeting the composition of fibrocartilage. Therefore, it is of particular interest to discover how and to what extent isolation and in vitro cultivation of chondrocytes affect the cells and their expression of ECM components. Hyaline cartilage-derived chondrocytes were cultivated in vitro and observed microscopically over a time period of 35 days.