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Vertical integration of array-type miniature interferometers at wafer level by using multistack anodic bonding

 
: Wang, W.-S.; Wiemer, M.; Froemel, J.; Enderlein, T.; Gessner, T.; Lullin, J.; Bargiel, S.; Passilly, N.; Albero, J.; Gorecki, C.

:

Gorecki, C. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Optical Micro- and Nanometrology VI : 5-7 April 2016, Brussels, Belgium
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2016 (Proceedings of SPIE 9890)
ISBN: 9781510601352
Paper 989011
Conference "Optical Micro- and Nanometrology" <6, 2016, Brussels>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ENAS ()

Abstract
In this work, vertical integration of miniaturized array-type Mirau interferometers at wafer level by using multi-stack anodic bonding is presented. Mirau interferometer is suitable for MEMS metrology and for medical imaging according to its vertical-, lateral- resolutions and working distances. Miniaturized Mirau interferometer can be a promising candidate as a key component of an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. The miniaturized array-type interferometer consists of a microlens doublet, a Si-based MEMS Z scanner, a spacer for focus-adjustment and a beam splitter. Therefore, bonding technologies which are suitable for heterogeneous substrates are of high interest and necessary for the integration of MEMS/MOEMS devices. Multi-stack anodic bonding, which meets the optical and mechanical requirements of the MOEMS device, is adopted to integrate the array-type interferometers. First, the spacer and the beam splitter are bonded, followed by bonding of the MEMS Z scanner. In the meanwhile, two microlenses, which are composed of Si and glass wafers, are anodically bonded to form a microlens doublet. Then, the microlens doublet is aligned and bonded with the scanner/spacer/beam splitter stack. The bonded array-type interferometer is a 7- wafer stack and the thickness is approximately 5mm. To separate such a thick wafer stack with various substrates, 2-step laser cutting is used to dice the bonded stack into Mirau chips. To simplify fabrication process of each component, electrical connections are created at the last step by mounting a Mirau chip onto a flip chip PCB instead of through wafer vias. Stability of Au/Ti films on the MEMS Z scanner after anodic bonding, laser cutting and flip chip bonding are discussed as well.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-422597.html