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Label-free proteome profiling reveals developmental-dependent patterns in young barley grains

: Kaspar-Schoenefeld, S.; Merx, K.; Jozefowicz, A.M.; Hartmann, A.; Seiffert, U.; Weschke, W.; Matros, A.; Mock, H.-P.


Journal of Proteomics 143 (2016), pp.106-121
ISSN: 1874-3919
ISSN: 1876-7737
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFF ()

Due to its importance as a cereal crop worldwide, high interest in the determination of factors influencing barley grain quality exists. This study focusses on the elucidation of protein networks affecting early grain developmental processes. NanoLC-based separation coupled to label-free MS detection was applied to gain insights into biochemical processes during five different grain developmental phases (pre-storage until storage phase, 3 days to 16 days after flowering). Multivariate statistics revealed two distinct developmental patterns during the analysed grain developmental phases: proteins showed either highest abundance in the middle phase of development – in the transition phase – or at later developmental stages – within the storage phase. Verification of developmental patterns observed by proteomic analysis was done by applying hypothesis-driven approaches, namely Western Blot analysis and enzyme assays. High general metabolic activity of the grain with regard to protein synthesis, cell cycle regulation, defence against oxidative stress, and energy production via photosynthesis was observed in the transition phase. Proteins upregulated in the storage phase are related towards storage protein accumulation, and interestingly to the defence of storage reserves against pathogens. A mixed regulatory pattern for most enzymes detected in our study points to regulatory mechanisms at the level of protein isoforms.