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Geometric and chemical components of the giant piezoresistance in silicon nanowires

 
: McClarty, M.M.; Jegenyes, N.; Gaudet, M.; Toccafondi, C.; Ossikovski, R.; Vaurette, F.; Arscott, S.; Rowe, A.C.H.

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Applied Physics Letters 109 (2016), No.2
ISSN: 0003-6951 (Print)
ISSN: 1077-3118
ISSN: 1931-9401 (online)
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPMS ()

Abstract
A wide variety of apparently contradictory piezoresistance (PZR) behaviors have been reported in p-type silicon nanowires (SiNW), from the usual positive bulk effect to anomalous (negative) PZR and giant PZR. The origin of such a range of diverse phenomena is unclear, and consequently so too is the importance of a number of parameters including SiNW type (top down or bottom up), stress concentration, electrostatic field effects, or surface chemistry. Here, we observe all these PZR behaviors in a single set of nominally p-type, ⟨110⟩ oriented, top-down SiNWs at uniaxial tensile stresses up to 0.5 MPa. Longitudinal π-coefficients varying from −800 × 10−11 Pa−1 to 3000 × 10−11 Pa−1 are measured. Micro-Raman spectroscopy on chemically treated nanowires reveals that stress concentration is the principal source of giant PZR. The sign and an excess PZR similar in magnitude to the bulk effect are related to the chemical treatment of the SiNW.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-421840.html