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Barriers to open e-learning in public administrations: A comparative case study of the European countries Luxembourg, Germany, Montenegro and Ireland

: Stoffregen, Julia D.; Pawlowski, Jan M.; Ras, Eric; Tobias, Eric; Scepanovic, Snezana; Fitzpatrick, Dónal; Mehigan, Tracey; Steffens, Petra; Pruygoda, Christiane; Schilling, Peter; Friedrich, Horst; Moebs, Sabine


Technological forecasting and social change 111 (2016), pp.198-208
ISSN: 0040-1625
European Commission EC
FP7-ICT; 619347; EAGLE
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FOKUS ()

This article presents a comparative study of the barriers to open e-learning in public administrations in Luxembourg, Germany, Montenegro and Ireland. It discusses the current state of open e-learning of public administration employees at the local government level and derives the barriers to such learning. This paper's main contribution is its presentation of an empirical set of barriers in the four European countries. The results allow informed assumptions about which barriers will arise in the forthcoming use of open-source e-learning technology, particularly open educational resources as means of learning. Furthermore, this study offers a contextualised barrier framework that allows the systematic capture and comparison of challenges for future studies in the field. Other practical contributions include providing advice about open e-learning programmes, systematising lessons learned and addressing managerial implications.