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Synthesis of polyamide 6/11 copolymers and their use as matrix polymer in wood-plastic composites

 
: Zierdt, Patrick; Mitzner, Elke; Gomoll, Andre; Theumer, Torsten; Lieske, Antje

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Journal of applied polymer science 133 (2016), No.46, pp.11087-11094
ISSN: 0021-8995
ISSN: 1097-4628
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
Spitzencluster BioEconomy; 031A076A
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

Abstract
The goal of this study was to investigate the synthesis and the resulting thermal, rheological, and mechanical properties of polyamide 6/11 copolymers (PA 6/11) as a function of their composition and to further investigate their usability as matrix polymers for wood-plastic composites (WPC). A significant composition dependency of the melting temperature was found due to the hindered crystallization of the PA 6/11 copolymers with increasing content of the minor component. In result, the lowest melting temperature of the copolymers was measured at 120 8 C for 40 wt % of E-caprolactam (PA 6/11-40/60) by DSC analysis. Due to its low melting point and feasible mechanical properties, a copolyamide with 70 wt % of E -caprolactam (PA 6/11-70/30) was chosen as matrix material for the processing of WPC. Incorporation of 30 wt % of wood fibers into PA 6/11-70/30 caused a significant increase in tensile modulus and a decrease in tensile strength and strain at break. However, the processed WPC still showed an exceptional ductility with a strain at break of 15 to 20%.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-421202.html