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Modelling the failure behaviour of wind turbines

: Faulstich, S.; Berkhout, V.; Mayer, J.; Siebenlist, D.

Fulltext (PDF; )

Journal of physics. Conference series 749 (2016), No.1, Art. 012019, 11 pp.
ISSN: 1742-6588
ISSN: 1742-6596
Wind Europe Summit <2016, Hamburg>
Journal Article, Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWES ()

Modelling the failure behaviour of wind turbines is an essential part of offshore wind farm simulation software as it leads to optimized decision making when specifying the necessary resources for the operation and maintenance of wind farms. In order to optimize O&M strategies, a thorough understanding of a wind turbine’s failure behaviour is vital and is therefore being developed at Fraunhofer IWES. Within this article, first the failure models of existing offshore O&M tools are presented to show the state of the art and strengths and weaknesses of the respective models are briefly discussed. Then a conceptual framework for modelling different failure mechanisms of wind turbines is being presented. This framework takes into account the different wind turbine subsystems and structures as well as the failure modes of a component by applying several influencing factors representing wear and break failure mechanisms. A failure function is being set up for the rotor blade as exemplary component and simulation results have been compared to a constant failure rate and to empirical wind turbine fleet data as a reference. The comparison and the breakdown of specific failure categories demonstrate the overall plausibility of the model.