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Nanocrystalline boron-doped diamond nanoelectrode arrays for ultrasensitive dopamine detection

: Dincer, C.; Ktaich, R.; Laubender, E.; Hees, J.J.; Kieninger, J.; Nebel, C.E.; Heinze, J.; Urban, G.A.


Electrochimica Acta 185 (2015), pp.101-106
ISSN: 0013-4686
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAF ()

In this paper we present nanocrystalline boron-doped diamond nanoelectrode arrays (BDD-NEAs) for the low-level detection of biogenic substances such as dopamine (DA) without the need for a selective membrane. We achieved a sensitive and reproducible detection of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA) with oxygen (O-) terminated BDD-NEAs. To improve the peak separation between dopamine and ascorbic acid, differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was employed. Therewith, it was possible to measure dopamine with a sensitivity of 57.9 nA μM−1 cm−2. The detection limit was less than 100 nM with a linear behavior up to a concentration of 20 μM. The choice of the appropriate termination, the combination of the advantages of nanoelectrode arrays together with the outstanding electrochemical properties of boron-doped diamond and the right measurement method allowed successful measurement of dopamine in physiological concentrations in the presence of ascorbic acid.