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Multimaterial and Multiscale Three-Dimensional Bioprinter

: Campbell, J.; McGuinness, I.; Wirz, H.; Sharon, A.; Sauer-Budge, A.F.


Journal of nanotechnology in engineering and medicine 6 (2015), No.2, Paper NANO-15-1020, 7 pp.
ISSN: 1949-2944
ISSN: 1949-2952
Journal Article
Fraunhofer CMI ()

We have developed a three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting system capable of multimaterial and multiscale deposition to enable the next generation of "bottom-up" tissue engineering. This area of research resides at the interface of engineering and life sciences. As such, it entails the design and implementation of diverse elements: a novel hydrogelbased bioink, a 3D bioprinter, automation software, and mammalian cell culture. Our bioprinter has three components uniquely combined into a comprehensive tool: syringe pumps connected to a selector valve that allow precise application of up to five different materials with varying viscosities and chemistries, a high velocity/high-precision x-y-z stage to accommodate the most rapid speeds allowable by the printed materials, and temperature control of the bioink reservoirs, lines, and printing environment. Our customdesigned bioprinter is able to print multiple materials (or multiple cell types in the same material) concurrently wi th various feature sizes (100 μm-1 mm wide; 100 μm-1 cm high). One of these materials is a biocompatible, printable bioink that has been used to test for cell survival within the hydrogel following printing. Hand-printed (HP) controls show that our bioprinter does not adversely affect the viability of the printed cells. Here, we report the design and build of the 3D bioprinter, the optimization of the bioink, and the stability and viability of our printed constructs.