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Phenomenological yield and failure criteria

: Altenbach, Holm; Bolchoun, Alexandre; Kolupaev, Vladimir A.


Altenbach, H. (Ed.):
Plasticity of pressure-sensitive materials
Berlin: Springer, 2014 (Engineering materials)
ISBN: 978-3-642-40944-8 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-642-40945-5 (Online)
ISBN: 3-642-40944-X
Book Article
Fraunhofer LBF ()
strength criteria; yield criteria; equivalent stress; pressure-insensitive criteria; pressure-sensitive criteria; limit surfaces

Models for isotropic materials based on the equivalent stress concept are discussed. At first, so-called classical models which are useful in the case of absolutely brittle or ideal ductile materials are presented. Tests for basic stress states are suggested. At second, standard models describing the intermediate range between the absolutely brittle and ideal-ductile behavior are introduced. Any criterion is expressed by various mathematical equations formulated, for example, in terms of invariants. At the same time the criteria can be visualized which simplifies the application. At third, in the main part pressure-insensitive, pressure-sensitive and combined models are separated. Fitting methods based on mathematical, physical and geometrical criteria are necessary. Finally, three examples (gray cast iron, poly(oxymethylene) (POM) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) hard foam) demonstrates the application of different approaches in modeling certain limit behavior. Two appendices are necessary for a better understanding of this chapter: in Chap. 2 applied invariants are briefly introduced and a table of discussed in this chapter criteria with references is given.