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Cryogenic manufacturing processes

: Jawahir, I.S.; Attia, H.; Biermann, Dirk; Duflou, Joost R.; Klocke, Fritz; Meyer, D.; Newman, S.T.; Pusavec, F.; Putz, Matthias; Rech, J.; Schulze, V.; Umbrello, D.


CIRP Annals. Manufacturing Technology 65 (2016), No.2, pp.713-736
ISSN: 0007-8506
International Academy for Production Engineering (CIRP General Assembly) <65, 2016, Guimaraes>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWU ()
cryogenic machining; surface integrity; modeling

Cryogenically assisted manufacturing processes are emerging as environmentally-benign, toxic-free, hazardless operations, producing functionally superior products. This paper presents an overview of major cryogenic manufacturing processes, summarizing the state-of-the-art and significant developments during the last few decades. It begins with a summary of historic perspectives, including definitions, scope, and proceeds to analysis of process mechanics and material performance covering tribological and thermo-mechanical interactions, followed by surface integrity, product quality and performance in cryogenic manufacturing. Process analysis and applications includes machining, forming and grinding. Economic, safety and health issues are then discussed. Finally, progress in developing predictive performance models and future outlook are presented.