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Next generation sequencing identifies five major classes of potentially therapeutic enzymes secreted by Lucilia sericata medical maggots

 
: Franta, Z.; Vogel, H.; Lehmann, R.; Rupp, O.; Goesmann, A.; Vilcinskas, A.

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BioMed research international 2016 (2016), Art. 8285428, 27 pp.
ISSN: 2314-6133
ISSN: 2314-6141
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IME ()

Abstract
Lucilia sericata larvae are used as an alternative treatment for recalcitrant and chronic wounds. Their excretions/secretions contain molecules that facilitate tissue debridement, disinfect, or accelerate wound healing and have therefore been recognized as a potential source of novel therapeutic compounds. Among the substances present in excretions/secretions various peptidase activities promoting the wound healing processes have been detected but the peptidases responsible for these activities remain mostly unidentified. To explore these enzymes we applied next generation sequencing to analyze the transcriptomes of different maggot tissues (salivary glands, gut, and crop) associated with the production of excretions/secretions and/or with digestion as well as the rest of the larval body. As a result we obtainedmore than 123.8 million paired-end reads, which were assembled de novo using Trinity and Oases assemblers, yielding 41,421 contigs with an N50 contig length of 2.22 kb and a total length of 67.79Mb. BLASTp analysis against the MEROPS database identified 1729 contigs in 577 clusters encoding five peptidase classes (serine, cysteine, aspartic, threonine, and metallopeptidases), which were assigned to 26 clans, 48 families, and 185 peptidase species. The individual enzymes were differentially expressed among maggot tissues and included peptidase activities related to the therapeutic effects of maggot excretions/secretions.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-404527.html