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Multichannel acoustic echo cancellation in the wave domain with increased robustness to nonuniqueness

: Schneider, M.; Kellermann, W.


IEEE ACM transactions on audio, speech, and language processing 24 (2016), No.3, pp.518-529
ISSN: 2329-9290
ISSN: 2329-9304
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IIS ()

Acoustic echo cancellation (AEC) is significantly more challenging in the case of multichannel reproduction compared to the single-channel case. This is mainly due to the so-called nonuniqueness problem, which becomes especially severe for massive multichannel reproduction systems like, e.g., wave field synthesis systems or higher-order ambisonics, where the different loudspeaker signals are often strongly correlated. In this paper, a multichannel wave-domain AEC structure is proposed that maintains robustness without altering the loudspeaker signals, as is commonly required to preserve the reproduction quality. The proposed method exploits the dominance of certain couplings in the wave-domain representation of the loudspeaker-enclosuremicrophone system. In this representation, preferring a strong weight of the dominant couplings in the identified system improves the system identification performance. A modification of the wellknown generalized frequency-domain adaptive filtering algorithm is then presented to implement the proposed approach, including a self-contained description of all necessary components. An experimental evaluation compares the proposed method to competing approaches and shows that the proposed method compares well in terms of convergence behavior while avoiding the performance degradation, which is intrinsic to other approaches.