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Plumbagin, Juglone, and Boropinal as novel TRPA1 agonists

: Hill, Kerstin; Fiorito, Serena; Taddeo, Vito Alessandro; Schulze, Anja; Leonhardt, Marion; Epifano, Francesco; Genovese, Salvatore


Journal of natural products 79 (2016), No.4, pp.697-703
ISSN: 0163-3864 (Print)
ISSN: 1520-6025 (Online)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()

A series of seven oxyprenylated phenylpropanoids and naphthoquinones were tested regarding their ability to activate transient receptor potential ankyrin subtype 1 channel (TRPA1). Three of the assayed compounds, namely, boropinal (3), juglone (5), and plumbagin (7), acted as strong modulators of TRPA1 channels with EC50 values of 9.8, 1.7, and 0.5 mu M, respectively, as assessed by Ca2+ assays. Moreover, the compounds elicited TRPA1 currents in electrophysio-logical whole cell recordings. We additionally provide evidence that plumbagin activated TRPA1-positive neurons isolated from mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons but did not affect sensory neurons from TRPAl-deficient mice. The high potencies of plumbagin and juglone to activate TRPA1 channels may explain the molecular basis of the mucosal irritant properties of these compounds as well as of related naphthoquinones and phytopreparations, as widely reported in the literature.