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On the emitter formation in nanotextured silicon solar cells to achieve improved electrical performances

: Kafle, B.; Schön, J.; Fleischmann, C.; Werner, S.; Wolf, A.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.


Solar energy materials and solar cells 152 (2016), pp.94-102
ISSN: 0927-0248
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
PV Produktionstechnologie und Qualitätssicherung; Silicium-Photovoltaik; Pilotherstellung von industrienahen Solarzellen; texture; nanotexture; solar cell

In this paper, we study the effect of an enlarged surface area of nanotextured crystalline silicon wafers on the formation of n-type emitters using a tube diffusion process applying POCl3 as P dopant source. A fast, single-step and industrially viable F-2-based dry texturing process is used to perform nanotexturing of Si wafers. This process is presented as an alternative route of nanotexturing in comparison to the two-step nanotexturing approach of creating black silicon and then modifying it with an alkaline or acidic solution. Predictive simulations of phosphorous in-diffusion aided by microscopical characterization of the selected emitters are used to understand the formation of emitter in nanotextured surfaces. Based on these investigations, we show that the optimized emitter leads to a significant improvement in short circuit current density (J(sc) >= 0.7 mA/cm(2)) of nanotextured me-Si solar cells in comparison to the industrial standard acidic textured solar cells.