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Analysis and modeling of force in orthogonal elliptical vibration cutting

: Bai, W.; Sun, R.L.; Gao, Y.; Leopold, J.


The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 83 (2016), No.5-8, pp.1025-1036
ISSN: 0268-3768
ISSN: 1433-3015
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWU ()

This paper aims to reveal the material removal mechanisms of the elliptical vibration cutting (EVC) and present the predicted model of orthogonal cutting force. Further study of mechanism will be helpful to explain the phenomena that EVC can reduce the cutting force, lower cutting temperature, and improve the surface integrity. In each overlapping EVC cycle, almost all the parameters are time-varying, of which two important factors are focused: (i) transient thickness of cut and (ii) transient shear angle. The analysis model simplified the complex process of the EVC as conventional cutting (CC) which considering two transient variables. This paper presents a non-equidistant shear zone model to predict the shear angle, tool-chip friction angle, and shear stress in CC under the same conditions of the EVC. Then, the transient thickness of cut and transient shear angle are investigated. Thus, an analytical model of the force in EVC is proposed. The model is available to predict the cutting force of the EVC accurately without any experimental parameters in CC. In addition, experimental results available in the literature are conducted for comparison, which are in well agreement with the analysis model.