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EILs - suitable substances for future energetic applications?

 
: Schaller, Uwe; Keicher, Thomas; Krause, Horst; Schlechtriem, S.

:
Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4023152 (2.6 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: cea314675ef3af5e383af2b0b9cc09dc
Created on: 12.7.2016


Fraunhofer-Institut für Chemische Technologie -ICT-, Pfinztal:
Energetic Materials. Synthesis, Characterization, Processing : 47th International Annual Conference of ICT, June 28 to July 1, 2016, Karlsruhe, Germany, Proceedings
Pfinztal: Fraunhofer ICT, 2016
11 pp.
Fraunhofer-Institut für Chemische Technologie (International Annual Conference) <47, 2016, Karlsruhe>
English
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ICT ()

Abstract
Salts being liquid below 100 °C are defined as ionic liquids. They are receiving an increasing interest due to their unique properties and they are also under investigation in the field of energetic materials. Combining nitrogen-rich cations and oxygen-rich anions, it is possible to obtain energetic ionic liquids (EILs). Potential applications are plasticizers, high explosives, gun and rocket propellants. Because of the very low vapor pressure of EILs better storage and handling properties are expected. However, only few work has been done in the field of EILs which show a glass transition temperature less than or equal to -40 °C, the so called low-temperature EILs (LT-EILs). Potential applications and limitations of LT-EILs based on 4-Amino-1-methyl-1,2,4-triazolium nitrate are presented. Some compounds of this class are studied as plasticizers in energetic binder systems (nitrocellulose and glycidyl azide polymer) and are compared to traditional energetic plasticizers like BDNPA/F and TMETN/BTTN.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-402315.html