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Surface wettability and energy effects on the biological performance of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate films treated with RF plasma

: Syromotina, D.S.; Surmenev, Roman A.; Surmeneva, Maria A.; Boyandin, A.N.; Nikolaeva, E.D.; Prymak, O.; Epple, Matthias; Ulbricht, M.; Oehr, Christian; Volova, T.G.


Materials Science and Engineering, C. Biomimetic and supramolecular systems Biomimetic materials, sensors and systems 62 (2016), pp.450-457
ISSN: 0928-4931
ISSN: 1873-0191
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IGB ()
plasma; surface treatment; surface energy; polar component; poly-3-hydroxybutyrate membranes

The surface properties of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (P3HB) membranes were modified using oxygen and an ammonia radio-frequency (RF, 13.56 MHz) plasma. The plasma treatment procedures used in the study only affected the surface properties, including surface topography, without inducing any significant changes in the crystalline structure of the polymer, with the exception being a power level of 250 W. The wettability of the modified P3HB surfaces was significantly increased after the plasma treatment, irrespective of the treatment procedure used. It was revealed that both surface chemistry and surface roughness changes caused by the plasma treatment affected surface wettability. A treatment-induced surface ageing effect was observed and resulted in an increase in the water contact angle and a decrease in the surface free energy. However, the difference in the water contact angle between the polymers that had been treated for 4 weeks and the untreated polymer surfaces was still significant. A dependence between cell adhesion and proliferation and the polar component of the surface energy was revealed. The increase in the polar component after the ammonia plasma modification significantly increased cell adhesion and proliferation on biodegradable polymer surfaces compared to the untreated P3HB and the P3HB modified using an oxygen plasma.