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Greasoline: Biofuels from non-food materials and residues

: Dahmen, Georg; Haug, Peter; Festel, Gunter; Kraft, Axel; Heil, Volker; Menne, Andreas; Unger, Christoph


Domínguez de María, P.:
Industrial biorenewables. A practical viewpoint
Hoboken/NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-118-84372-7 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-118-84379-6 (Online)
ISBN: 1-118-84379-7
ISBN: 1-118-84372-X
ISBN: 1-118-84410-6
ISBN: 978-1-118-84410-6
Book Article
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Oberhausen ()
residue; biofuel; fossil fuel; Greasoline; non-food feedstock; automotive diesel; transport sector

Carbon dioxide originating from fossil fuel consumption in the transport sector is one of the main drivers of climate change. In the case of automotive gasoline and diesel, the European Union, North and South America, as well as Asian countries have introduced mandatory blending of biofuels to fossil fuels. The Greasoline® biofuel technology has been developed to produce fossil-like drop-in fuels for automotive diesel. It stands for the Gas-phase heterogeneous Catalytic Cracking (GCC) of biobased fats, oils, waste oils, and oil residues into fossil-like drop-in diesel and naphtha/kerosene fractions. The accessible feedstock supply for Greasoline production plants totals an estimated global volume of 50 million tons per year in the medium and long term. This chapter describes suited raw materials and their origin. Since residues and waste streams are chemically not well defined, it only focuses on a few suited Non-food feedstock with a more or less defined chemical composition.