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Influence of the wall thicknesses on the joint quality during magnetic pulse welding in tube-to-tube configuration

: Lueg-Althoff, Jörn; Schilling, B.; Bellmann, Jörg; Gies, Soeren; Schulze, Sebastian; Tekkaya, A. Erman; Beyer, Eckhard

Tekkaya, A. Erman ; TU Dortmund, Institut für Umformtechnik und Leichtbau -IUL-:
7th International Conference on High Speed Forming, ICHSF 2016. Proceedings : April 27-28, 2016, Dortmund, Germany
Dortmund: Technische Universität Dortmund, 2016
DOI: 10.17877/DE290R-16968
International Conference on High Speed Forming (ICHSF) <7, 2016, Dortmund>
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Joining by plastic deformation;
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWS ()
joining; welding; magnetic pulse welding

The implementation of multi-material concepts, for example, in automotive engineering or aerospace technologies, requires adequate joining techniques. The Magnetic Pulse Welding (MPW) process allows for joining both similar and dissimilar materials without additional mechanical elements, chemical binders, or adverse influences of heat on the joining partners. In this process, an electro-conductive at (‘flyer’) part is accelerated by Lorentz forces and impacts the inner (‘parent’) part under high velocity and high pressure, leading to the formation of a metallurgical joint. Besides joining of sheets and tubes to solid cylinders, the connection of two tubes is of particular interest due to the increased lightweight potential. The present paper focuses on the MPW of aluminum (EN AW-6060) to steel(C45) tubes. An experimental study was performed, in which the wall thickness of the parent part was reduced successively. The deformation behavior of both the flyer and parent parts was recorded during the experiments by a two-probe Photon Doppler Velocimeter (PDV). The final shape of the joined specimens was analyzed by a 3D digitizer. An instrumented peel test was used for the determination of the weld quality. It was found that defect-free MPW of aluminum tubes on steel tubes without supporting mandrel is possible.