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The role of Prostaglandin E receptor-dependent signaling via cAMP in Mdr1b gene activation in primary rat hepatocyte cultures

: Ziemann, C.; Riecke, A.; Rüdell, G.; Oetjen, E.; Steinfelder, H.J.; Lass, C.; Kahl, G.F.; Hirsch-Ernst, K.I.


The journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics 317 (2006), No.1, pp.378-386
ISSN: 0022-3565
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

Multidrug resistance (mdr) proteins of the mdr1 type function as multispecific xenobiotic transporters in hepatocytes. In the liver, mdr1 overexpression occurs during regeneration, cirrhosis, and hepatocarcinogenesis and may contribute to primary chemotherapy resistance. Cultured rat hepatocytes exhibit a time-dependent "intrinsic" increase in functional mdr1b expression, which depends on cyclooxygenase-catalyzed prostaglandin E(2) release. In the present study, the prostaglandin E (EP) receptor agonist misoprostol (1-10 mug/ml) further enhanced intrinsic mdr1b mRNA expression in primary rat hepatocytes. On the other hand, [1alpha(z),2beta,5alpha]-(+)-7-[5-[1,1'-(biphenyl)-4-yl]methoxy]-2-(4-morpholin yl)-3-oxocyclopentyl]-4-heptenoic acid (AH23848B) (30 muM), an antagonist of the cAMP-coupled EP4 receptor, and the protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, N-(2-[bromocinnamylamino]ethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (H89) (10 nM), repressed intrinsic mdr1b mRNA up-regulation, whereas the stable cAMP analog 8-bromo-cAMP (10 muM) and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) (100 muM) further enhanced intrinsic mdr1b expression. Primary rat hepatocytes, transiently transfected with reporter gene constructs controlled by mdr1b 5'-gene-flanking regions [-1074 to +154 base pairs (bp) or -250 to +154 bp], demonstrated pronounced mdr1b promoter activity, already without the addition of exogenous modulators. Nevertheless, activity was further stimulated by misoprostol, 8-bromo-cAMP, or IBMX. Cotransfection with expression vectors for PKI, an inhibitor protein of cAMP-dependent PKA, or KCREB, a dominant-negative mutant of the cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB), decreased high-intrinsic mdr1b promoter activity. KCREB also counteracted misoprostol-induced mdr1b promoter activation. In conclusion, these data provide evidence for a pivotal role of EP receptor-stimulated, cAMP-dependent activation of PKA and CREB or CREB-related proteins in mdr1b gene activation in primary rat hepatocytes. Thus, these data might offer potential new target structures for the reversal of primary drug resistance, for example, of liver tumors.