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Deposition of abrasion resistant single films and antireflective coatings on sapphire

: Bruns, S.; Vergöhl, M.; Zickenrott, T.; Bräuer, G.


Surface and coatings technology 290 (2016), pp.10-15
ISSN: 0257-8972
Society of Vacuum Coaters (Annual Technical Conference) <58, 2015, Santa Clara/Calif.>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IST ()
antireflective coatings; sapphire; Oxides; nitriding; optical films; abrasion resistance; nanohardness

A series of different oxide and nitride antireflective coatings as well as single films on sapphire substrates have been deposited by magnetron sputtering. The layer stacks consist of 5–7 individual layers with a total thickness of around 300nm. Both high-index materials and low-index material were analyzed. The mechanical stability was investigated by means of optical haze increase during falling sand (“sand trickling test”) and by thickness loss during oscillating abrasionin a sand bath (tightened “Bayer test”). The dependence of the abrasion tests results on mechanical film properties, i.e. the nanoindentor hardness, was analyzed. No clear correlation of the Bayertest results and the sand trickling test results was found, which indicates that the abrasion mechanisms are different. A nitride basedantireflective coating with excellent properties from both tests has been produced.