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Thermoresponsive amperometric glucose biosensor.

: Pinyou, P.; Ruff, A.; Pöller, S.; Barwe, S.; Nebel, M.; Guerrero Alburquerque, N.; Wischerhoff, E.; Laschewsky, A.; Schmaderer, S.; Szeponik, J.; Plumere, N.; Schuhmann, W.


Biointerphases. Online journal 11 (2016), Art. 011001, 7 pp.
ISSN: 1559-4106
ISSN: 1934-8630
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()

The authors report on the fabrication of a thermoresponsive biosensor for the amperometric detection of glucose. Screen printed electrodes with heatable gold working electrodes were modified by a thermoresponsive statistical copolymer [polymer I: poly(x-ethoxytriethylenglycol methacrylate-co-3-(N,N-dimethyl-N-2-methacryloyloxyethyl ammonio) propanesulfonate-co-x-butoxydiethylenglycol methacrylate-co-2-(4-benzoyl-phenoxy)ethyl methacrylate)] with a lower critical solution temperature of around 28°C in aqueous solution via electrochemically induced codeposition with apH-responsive redox-polymer [polymer II: poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-allyl methacrylate-co-poly(ethylene glycol)methacrylate-co-butyl acrylate-co-2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate)-[Os(bpy)2 (4-(((2-(2-(2-aminoethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl)amino)methyl)-N,N-dimethylpicolinamide)]2+] and pyrroloquinoline quinonesoluble glucose dehydrogenase acting as biological recognition element. Polymer II bears covalently bound Os-complexes that act as redox mediators for shuttling electrons between the enzyme and the electrode surface. Polymer I acts as a temperature triggered immobilization matrix. Probing the catalytic current as a function of the working electrode temperature shows that the activity of the biosensor is dramatically reduced above the phase transition temperature of polymer I. Thus, the local modulation of the temperature at the interphase between the electrode and the bioactive layer allows switching the biosensor from an on- to an off-state without heating of the surrounding analyte solution