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Determination of key diffusion and partition parameters and their use in migration modelling of benzophenone from low-density polyethylene (LDPE) into different foodstuffs

 
: Maia, Joaquim; Rodríguez-Bernaldo de Quirós, Ana; Sendón, Raquel; Cruz, José Manuel; Seiler, Annika; Franz, Roland; Simoneau, Catherine; Castle, Laurence; Driffield, Malcolm; Mercea, Peter; Oldring, Peter; Tosa, Valer; Paseiro, Perfecto

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Food additives and contaminants. Pt.A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment 33 (2016), No.4, pp.715-724
ISSN: 1944-0057
ISSN: 1944-0049
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IVV ()

Abstract
The mass transport process (migration) of a model substance, benzophenone (BZP), from LDPE into selected foodstuffs at three temperatures was studied. A mathematical model based on Fick’s Second Law of Diffusion was used to simulate the migration process and a good correlation between experimental and predicted values was found. The acquired results contribute to a better understanding of this phenomenon and the parameters so-derived were incorporated into the migration module of the recently launched FACET tool (Flavourings, Additives and Food Contact Materials Exposure Tool). The migration tests were carried out at different time–temperature conditions, and BZP was extracted from LDPE and analysed by HPLC-DAD. With all data, the parameters for migration modelling (diffusion and partition coefficients) were calculated. Results showed that the diffusion coefficients (within both the polymer and the foodstuff) are greatly affected by the temperature and food’s physical state, whereas the partition coefficient was affected significantly only by food characteristics, particularly fat content.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-382959.html