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Process window for electron beam melting of Ti-6Al-4V

: Kirchner, A.; Klöden, B.; Luft, J.; Weissgärber, T.; Kieback, B.


Powder Metallurgy 58 (2015), No.4, pp.246-249
ISSN: 0032-5899
ISSN: 1743-2901
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFAM, Institutsteil Pulvermetallurgie und Verbundwerkstoffe Dresden ()

Selective electron beam melting (EBM) is a powder-bed based additive manufacturing technique for the fabrication of dense metallic parts. As a free-form deposition process EBM offers a high degree of freedom in design and a highly efficient utilization of material. For a widespread industrial application the achievable build rate is a critical factor. In this paper the process window for Ti-6Al-4V is explored by varying beam current and scan speed in a wide range. The EBM specimens were characterized by their density, porosity size and distribution, chemical composition, microstructure, hardness and tensile strength. Key findings include: (1) the minimum line energy necessary to achieve full density, (2) parameter sets for increased build rates at full density, and (3) formation of alpha'-martensite at high scan rates.