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Cloud-based automated design and additive manufacturing: A usage data-enabled paradigm shift

: Lehmhus, D.; Wuest, T.; Wellsandt, S.; Bosse, S.; Kaihara, T.; Thoben, K.-D.; Busse, M.

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Sensors. Online journal 15 (2015), No.12, pp.32079-32122
ISSN: 1424-8220
European Commission EC
H2020-EU.2.1.5; 636951; Manutelligence
Product Service Design and Manufacturing Intelligence Engineering Platform
European Commission EC
H2020-EU.2.1.5; 636868; Falcon
Feedback mechanisms Across the Lifecycle for Customer-driven Optimization of iNnovative product-service design
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IFAM ()

Integration of sensors into various kinds of products and machines provides access to in-depth usage information as basis for product optimization. Presently, this large potential for more user-friendly and efficient products is not being realized because (a) sensor integration and thus usage information is not available on a large scale and (b) product optimization requires considerable efforts in terms of manpower and adaptation of production equipment. However, with the advent of cloud-based services and highly flexible additive manufacturing techniques, these obstacles are currently crumbling away at rapid pace. The present study explores the state of the art in gathering and evaluating product usage and life cycle data, additive manufacturing and sensor integration, automated design and cloud-based services in manufacturing. By joining and extrapolating development trends in these areas, it delimits the foundations of a manufacturing concept that will allow continuous and economically viable product optimization on a general, user group or individual user level. This projection is checked against three different application scenarios, each of which stresses different aspects of the underlying holistic concept. The following discussion identifies critical issues and research needs by adopting the relevant stakeholder perspectives.