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biPERC silicon solar cells enabling bifacial applications for industrial solar cells with passivated rear sides

: Krauss, K.; Fertig, F.; Greulich, J.; Rein, S.; Preu, R.


Physica status solidi. A 213 (2016), No.1, pp.68-71
ISSN: 0031-8965
ISSN: 1862-6300
ISSN: 1521-396X
ISSN: 1862-6319
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
PV Produktionstechnologie und Qualitätssicherung; Silicium-Photovoltaik; Pilotherstellung von industrienahen Solarzellen; Messtechnik und Produktionskontrolle

Bifacial solar modules are expected to increase their market share in the coming years. To date, most bifacial cells in production and under research are realized on n-type silicon substrates. However, p-type silicon has been dominating photovoltaic industry, partly due to its lower cost. In this work, we present an approach to combine bifacial applications with the industrial p-type passivated emitter and rear (PERC) structure: a bifacial PERC cell (biPERC). Simulation results are presented that showcase a high potential for bifacial gains of the biPERC cell. First experimental results of the biPERC concept on large-area multicrystalline silicon substrates yield a monofacial efficiency of 17.8%. The biPERC cell, therefore, is an easy-to-apply modification to a PERC route and enables higher output powers due to bifacial applicability.