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Harnessing click detectors for the genuine characterization of light states

 
: Heilmann, R.; Sperling, J.; Perez-Leija, A.; Grafe, M.; Heinrich, M.; Nolte, S.; Vogel, W.; Szameit, A.

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Fulltext (PDF; )

Scientific Reports 6 (2016), Art. 19489, 6 pp.
ISSN: 2045-2322
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
03Z1HN31
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SFB 652; NO462/6-1
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Abstract
The key requirement for harnessing the quantum properties of light is the capability to detect and count individual photons. Of particular interest are photon-number-resolving detectors, which allow one to determine whether a state of light is classical or genuinely quantum. Existing schemes for addressing this challenge rely on a proportional conversion of photons to electrons. As such, they are capable of correctly characterizing small photon fluxes, yet are limited by uncertainties in the conversion rate. In this work, we employ a divide-and-conquer approach to infallibly discerning non-classicality of states of light. This is achieved by transforming the incident fields into uniform spatial distributions that readily lend themselves for characterization by standard on-off detectors. Since the exact statistics of the light stream in multiplexed on-off detectors are click statistics, our technique is freely scalable to accommodate-in principle-arbitrarily large photon fluxes. Our experiments pave the way towards genuine integrated photon-number-resolving detection for advanced on-chip photonic quantum networks.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-382199.html